For more than two years, a small group of stealth engineers inside Google have been developing software, and they hope to eventually replace Android, the world's dominant mobile operating system.
As the team grows, it will have to overcome some intense internal debate about how the software works.
This project, known as purple red, was created from scratch to overcome the limitations of Android, as more and more personal devices and other gadgets are online.
It aims to better adapt to voice interaction and frequent security updates and looks the same on a range of devices from laptops to small Internet
Google chief executive Sundar Pichai has pushed the company in that direction.
AI services for global consumers.
However, major operating systems that rely on dozens of hardware partners have not kept up.
Here are the cases known to Fuchsia: Alphabet Inc.
Google began quietly posting code online in 2016, and the company has asked external application developers to modify some open code. source code.
Google has also begun experimenting with apps such as interactive screen displays and voice commands from YouTube.
But members of the purple red team have discussed a bigger plan, and this is the first time to report here: creating an operating system that can run all of the company's internals
Home gadgets like Pixel phones and smart speakers, and the third
According to people familiar with the matter, party devices now rely on Android and another system called Chrome OS.
According to one of the people familiar with the matter, engineers said they wanted to embed purple red on connected home devices, such as voice devices.
Within three years, control the speakers and then turn to larger machines such as laptops.
Ultimately, the team wants to change their system to Android, a software that powers smartphones in the world for more than three quarters, people familiar with the matter said they asked not to be identified,
One person said the goal is to achieve it in the next five years.
But Pichai and Hiroshi Lockheimer, who is in charge of the deputy for Android and Chrome, have not yet signed on any of the purple-red roadmaps, the men said.
Executives have to be careful to push ahead with any plan to overhaul Android as the software supports dozens of hardware partners, thousands of developers --
Billions of mobile devicesad dollars.
Android is also the subject of the company's regulatory review and legal controversy, which means that any changes to the software will be closely watched.
European regulators imposed a record $5 billion in antitrust fines on the company on Wednesday because it used mobile software to spread its services.
Inside Google, Fuchsia has faced some of the interconnected arguments about how to design and deploy it, especially in terms of privacy features.
In public, the company noted that purple is an example of what its creative products want.
"Google thinks these are open.
"Experiment as an investment in innovation," a company spokesman said in an email . ".
In 2015, Lockheimer wrote a blog post saying that Google had no plans to replace the Chrome OS with Android, a Google spokesman said the position still applies today.
Still, the purple color is more than just a work in the basement.
People familiar with the matter said Pichai had expressed support for the project internally.
Purple Red now has more than 100 people working on the job, including respected software people like Matias Duarte, who is a design executive and leads at Google and elsewhere
Duarte is only part of the job.
A person familiar with the company said it was time for the project.
The plan focuses on better competition with Apple Inc. , Google's main smartphone competitor, the iPhone maker.
While Android's market share is around, Apple's operating systems play a role in areas such as performance, privacy and security, and integration across Apple devices.
Another key advantage: when Apple releases a new version of the operating system, most iPhone users update their phones quickly, while less than a tenth of Android users update their phones.
This means that Google's latest service covers only a small percentage of Android users.
"Giving up Android gives Google the opportunity to click the reset button on any mistakes they think they made ten years ago," said co-company Jeffrey Grossman.
Confide, founder of the messaging app.
"They may regain some power that they have handed over to equipment manufacturers and telecom operators.
"Google relies on handset makers and wireless network operators to push regular operating systems and security updates to Android devices.
These partners are not as motivated as Google to release the latest software: handset makers prefer to sell new hardware, and telecoms companies have other priorities.
Google has tried to solve the problem. on recently.
At May, the Company amended its agreement with handset manufacturers to require them to update devices with security patches multiple times a year.
There are signs that more stringent safety measures are being taken in purple red.
In the software code published online, engineers have built-in encrypted user keys in the system.
A privacy tool that ensures that information is protected every time the software is updated.
They also recruited experts.
According to Nick Kralevich's LinkedIn profile, he is the chief security engineer for Android and has been working for nine years before moving to Fuchsia in January.
In the code page, the Google people who work on Fuchsia specify that the software is not finalized.
At present, Android developed when the mobile phone first started using the touch screen is not used to handle voice types.
Google sees it as an application for computing the future.
Therefore, the purple red with voice interaction as the core is under development.
The design is also more flexible as it can be adjusted according to multiple screen sizes
Google is trying to cater to new products such as television, cars and refrigerators, which Google is promoting its software.
Despite its engineering roots and support, Google has not yet launched a real
The world of software.
Some developers have tried the operating system, but no one has used it as the basis for applications or services on popular commercial devices.
The code recently posted on the Google developer website shows that the YouTube app may be under development, but there is no publicly run official Google service on the system.
The company must also resolve some internal disputes.
Some of the principles pursued by purple-red creators have run counter to Google's business model.
Google's advertising business relies on the ability to locate users based on their location and activities. if the new privacy function of purple red is implemented, it will weaken this important business.
According to a person familiar with the matter, advertising and engineering departments have clashed at least once over the security and privacy features of emerging operating systems.
The person said the advertising team had the upper hand.
Leaving Android and Chrome could pose other risks to Google.
A large number of independent developers and equipment manufacturers such as Samsung, Huawei and LG all rely on operating systems.
Chrome OS is also an important software to run the web.
Laptops used by many schools and other organizations.
Google can't simply stop supporting Android and Chrome operating systems, and expect the huge ecosystem to quickly turn to purple.
Another risk comes from the establishment of a new operating system.
Android and Chrome operating systems are built on Linux, an open operating system that is widely used
Source programming language.
The "Linux kernel" is at the heart of Google's current operating system, dealing with instructions between the hardware and software of smartphones and other devices.
Fuchsia uses a different kernel called Zircon, which avoids many of the old technologies in Linux.
This may cause some existing devices to be incompatible.
However, migrating from Linux could benefit Google.
Android's use of the technology is owned by Oracle.
, Is the center of a long and painful lawsuit between the two companies.
Abandoning Linux will help Google's legal case that its software does not depend on Oracle.
Another benefit of purple red is: The project is open-for several senior-
Hackers of the company.
As it often does, Google has been in this complex, long term
Instead of risking losing to an opponent.
A person who spoke to The Purple Red staff simply described the work: "This is a senior staff member --
The engineer keeps the project. ”Bloomberg.