"Smart City" is a term that we will hear more in the coming years.
It is thought that by 2020, we will spend $400 billion a year on these buildings, but what are they?
The idea is to embed advances in technology and data collection that make the Internet of Things a reality into the infrastructure of the environment in which we live.
Big companies like Cisco and IBM have partnered with universities and civic planning to develop data
Drive systems for transportation, waste management, law enforcement and energy use to make them more effective and improve the lives of citizens.
We will use our smartphones, watches and other wearable devices to interact and get information from these smart systems and, crucially, these machines will also talk to each other.
The garbage truck will be reminded of the location where garbage needs to be collected and the sensors in our car will guide us towards the available parking spaces.
By far, the most widely adopted model is to attract enterprises that develop software and hardware applications for the internet of things, and encourage them to use their intelligence to provide intelligent services to the surrounding areas.
Public funds are often used to encourage this-Glasgow, Scotland, for example, has provided £ 24 million ($37 million)
Technology that makes cities "smarter, safer and more sustainable.
Applications developed or planned for the project include smart street lights, which close to save energy when no one is around, map energy use around the city to better understand the needs, and map how people move around to maximize the use of bicycles and walking paths.
Sensors on street lights and other outside city furniture will measure sidewalks, noise levels and air pollution, and these data will be used to prioritize other services.
The government technical strategy committee, which is coordinating the project, said that more than 200 potential data streams have been identified, although many of them have been able to collect data, which is often isolated.
This will change.
Glasgow's extensive CCTV network, for example, will begin to monitor traffic, street lights and crime and chaos.
Data from multiple sources analyzing together is almost always more valuable than sources saved separately.
In England (
To be exact, Bristol)
Another project is to develop a wireless network dedicated to communication between IoT and smart city devices.
These transfers will use more than existing wi-
Fi and mobile networks, making them more eco-friendly, are ideal for devices that need to keep 24/7 running.
In South Korea, Matsushima is an example of a city built from scratch, and its smart technology has been integrated from the beginning.
On the basis of reclamation, 40% of the cities are designated as open green spaces, and there are still 80,000 apartments and 0. 5 billion square feet of office space.
Every home and office will have a built-in
In terminals connecting it and systems that monitor public infrastructure, the smart energy grid will monitor and regulate supply and demand.
One thing that the city will not have is garbage trucks.
Garbage is "sucked" directly from the home treatment unit to the sewage treatment center, where it is treated in an eco-friendly manner.
It is planned to eventually use it to generate electricity for the city.
Of course, many people say they need to be cautious about this new technology.
These systems are designed to collect and interact with intimate details of our personal lives, such as where we travel, who we associate with, and even how we deal with the waste we produce.
There is a danger that, in a rush to become the first to develop and sell solutions designed to improve the daily lives of citizens, certain aspects of privacy or information security may be overlooked.
Other than that, others have expressed concern that, especially in the developing world, living in smart cities can be very expensive for the majority of the population, resulting in them becoming elite enclave, local governments promote social segregation by excluding the poor.
These are the challenges that architects behind the new system, as well as legislators and civil authorities, must overcome.
As more and more people use smartphones and mobile technology, it should be possible to create inclusive systems that are available to all.
Others say smart cities are just another buzzword, such as the internet of things and even big data.
They might be right.
Language may change-we may end up taking technology for granted and there is no need to distinguish between "smart" cities and standard cities in a special term.
However, their progress in convenience and quality of life may continue, so it is certain that the integration of IoT technology and citizen infrastructure will continue, it has become more and more common over time.