innovative greenhouses help farmers adapt to climate change - smart board in india

by:ITATOUCH     2020-03-30
innovative greenhouses help farmers adapt to climate change  -  smart board in india
Yadav Bhavanth grows vegetables on family land in the South
Telangana state in central India.
In this little dry farm
His crop production and income depend heavily on seasonal rainfall.
In 2016 and 2015, his crops were threatened by water scarcity.
When the rain comes, it tends to be heavy and even damage harder plants, causing diseases or pests.
Some extreme weather patterns can be attributed to climate change.
As global temperatures rise, prolonged droughts, heat waves and unpredictable rainfall intensify.
Crop losses and increased debt have caused losses to mankind: more than 3,000 farmers committed suicide in Telangana in three yearsyear drought. (
Learn more about this issue across India. )
But 2017 is different for Yadav. The 37-year-
Old farmers began to use greenhouses to save water and protect their crops from the heavy rain.
These greenhouses are made of breathable aluminum instead of catching heat
The coated mesh reflecting some sunlight reduces the internal temperature.
Drops are also installed in the greenhouse-
Irrigation systems allow farmers to use 90% less water on average than their neighbors.
Outside, we're not sure if the crop will dry, says Yadav, which is not guaranteed. âx80x9cInside [the greenhouse]
The plants grow quickly, he added. âx80x9cThe [produce]
The quantity and quality are also the best.
Venkatesh Appala, 45, grows sweet peppers in Laxmapur.
He started his greenhouse operations in January 2017 with an estimated profit of Rs 46,000 (just over $700)
In his first year
He used the extra income to save his daughter's dowry, which could be as high as $10,000.
Yadav bought his greenhouse from Indian African-American Kheyti for $2,500
Through a program designed to help small farms adapt to climate change, develop structures and promote the profit of loan purchases.
Greenhouses have long been used for the production of commercial flowers and vegetables in India, but for farmers like Yadav, the standard design is too big and too expensive.
Kheyti has created several scales
The downward version, ranging from 258 to 553 yards, accounts for only two to 5% of the typical small farm there.
This scale reduces the risk of investment and farmers are still able to grow other crops on their land.
The 13-year-old Vikram Bhavanth watched the game in his home greenhouse.
Kheyti worked with engineering students at Northwestern and Stanford to design a very affordable course to develop prototypes.
After many iterations, they chose a metal --
Frame structure with sun net and insect cover
The certification network of both parties.
Kheyti's greenhouse costs only a fraction of $30,000.
Plus half of traditionAcres of greenhouse.
However, co-founder Saumya said because many farmers still can't afford $2,500, Kheyti works with banks to get loans on behalf of farmers
She does not use last name).
She started the project with the support of the Institute for Sustainable Development and Energy at Northwestern University.
Kheyti recently partnered with Baroda Bank, India's second largest bank, to expand the coverage of the project.
Down payment of Rs 30,000 for participating farmers [$471 dollars]
Then pay 15,000 rupees in installments [$233 dollars]
After each growing season, usually every three months until the greenhouse is rewarded.
The 15 farmers who pilot the Kheyti greenhouse project have just completed their first year, planting cucumbers for three and a half months and sweet peppers for eight months.
Most people are able to produce five to eight times as many products in a greenhouse.
Some people use these incomes to improve their children's education.
We can produce in a greenhouse [
258 yards
What we produce on an acre of land
4,840 yards
Narayana yelbarnia said he was one of the first farmers in kheyti.
The school has already started, so the money has helped.
Biki Malavath, one of Yadav bhavanth's relatives, thinks she's great
The granddaughter, nicknamed Milky, is the youngest member of Laxmapur Thanda.
The village is home to the rambadi people, a "scheduled tribe" defined as one of India's marginalized and socio-economic disadvantaged communities ".
Inspired by this success, the village of Yadav Laxmapur and nearby Narayanpur now have 50 farmers planted with Kheyti, the initiative has been extended to neighboring
Cooperation with the Association for the elimination of rural poverty (SERP)
Kheyti will reach 1,000 low
Income of female farmers in Andhra Pradesh.
SERP, a joint venture between the World Bank and the state government, will help Kheyti identify participants, provide loans and fund training programs.
These participants will
Only Rs 10,000 [$154 dollars]
Qualify for a loan.
Earlier this year, Kheyti launched the project with the top 50 farmers.
The leaders of Kheyti want to expand across India, but they are slowing down.
We are very proud of the culture we have built, but we do not want to lose it when we scale it up, said co-founder Sathya Raghu Mokkapati.
Founder of Saumya Kheyti, a non-profit organization (
Who does not have a surname)
Appshik Kappagantulu, 28, and Sathya Raghu Mokkapati, 32, took photos with Yadav.
Sathya, troubled by the experience of a poor farmer who ate mud in despair, is eager to find a way to help those who earn a living from the land.
Kheyti worked with nearly 8,000 farmers to test different methods and crops to identify the most effective methods and crops for the region.
Sathya has been eager to find a way to help India's farm since he was 17 years old because he met a poor farmer who ate mud out of despair.
This experience has been with him, and in 2009 Sathya resigned from his job as an accounting company and started a project to promote agricultural production.
In a year and a half, he visited dozens of agricultural villages and learned about the challenges they faced.
He sees household income ranging from Rs 10,000 to Rs every year. $157 dollars]
Rs 10 million [
$157,107].
The root of this difference lies in resources, including whether farmers can access reliable water sources and whether technologies such as drip irrigation to improve growth conditions can be obtained.
Access to funds to invest in farms and the ability to transport and sell crops in the market also played a role.
Sathya held a meeting with farmers in Laxmapur.
In addition to providing greenhouses and training, Kheyti's services include market Transportation, loan services, fertilizer and contact with suppliers.
Farmers have also become part of the collective and come together every week to share knowledge and challenges.
But Satya has seen the effects of climate change across the board, making the problem worse.
Farmers are faced with growing droughts that tend to come back, and higher average temperatures can lead to an increase in pests and diseases.
To learn more, Sathya and another Kheyti co-founder Ayush Sharma spent the next three and a half years, in the hundreds
The plot of akadepalle, another village in Telangana.
They worked with nearly 8,000 farmers to test different farming methods and crops to identify the most effective methods for the region.
But some factors are beyond their control.
When we honestly assess the impact of our work, we realize that when we try to do a lot of things, ultimately due to climate change, the impact on farmers is limited, Satia said.
Goats eat tomatoes in the open space.
Outdoor crops are vulnerable to prolonged drought, pests and unpredictable rainfall.
In order to cope with the increasingly severe extreme weather, the farm must be equipped;
The greenhouse can regulate the environment.
The solution must be climate-
Smart farming, says Satya.
It must be full-
Circle with endto-
Terminal Services connecting farmers to banks and markets.
2015 four co-founders of Kheyti (
Kashik Kappagantula included)
Work with engineers and agronomists to create an affordable water
A greenhouse that reduces indoor temperature by reflecting sunlight.
They first tested the design of several bamboo structures, but it was not able to withstand strong winds.
They work with engineering students at Northwestern University and, as part of Stanford's design, have a very affordable course on designing and reducing costs and making it easier to install.
After many iterations, they chose a metal --
Frame structure with sun net and insect cover
The certification network of both parties.
Kheyti's services are more than just providing greenhouses, including training and daily inspections
Work with farmers and help transport to market, loan services, fertilizer and contact with suppliers.
Farmers also become part of a collective, gathering every week to share knowledge and discuss challenges and create a feeling of cooperation and healthy competition.
We discuss how to solve the problem, how much money each farmer produces in a week, how much money they make
Shyamala, the widowed mother of two children, was the first woman to sign up for the Kheyti greenhouse.
Although she has little agricultural experience, intensive training and support networks have helped her succeed.
Female farmers pose outside a test farm near Depalle.
Kheyti is working to get more women involved in the project.
From seeds to plants, from harvest to market, they are with us and take care of everything, says Shyamala.
Kheyti helped her to ship the vegetables to the market, check her plants and advise on the use of fertilizer.
So Shyamala was able to manage her farm and have her two children finish their studies and continue to fulfill her responsibility as sarpanch village (
She is the liaison between government officials and the community).
Since then, other women have followed her example.
Hyderabad's Bowen Pali Market has ushered in a new day, a wholesale vegetable market that sells Kheyti farmers' produce to local street vendors.
Opportunities to promote women and marginalized groups are the goal of the International Federation of agricultural research centres, Pramod Aggarwal, a project leader in the region.
He pointed out that sustainable agriculture must build capacity to adapt to climate change so that farmers can save resources during years of good rainfall and harvest in order to make multi-year adjustments with poor output.
A good project also involves working with local governments to ensure stability, he said.
In developing countries, climate change has always been a challenge and will continue to exist, Agarwal said.
Climate change has brought more attention to this issue, which is inextricably linked to poverty, social tensions and migration. âx80x9dLarger-
Scale innovation, production of large crops such as rice, this is the labor forceand resource-
Dense, corn more climate-
Resilience is critical to the future, he said, because not everyone can grow vegetables and will not take care of food safety.
But now vegetables provide a simple solution.
Yadav Bhavanth's 11-year-old son, Santosh, picked the spicy wood chicken leg.
Moringa is called super food by some people;
This is the staple food in the Indian diet, used for curry dishes, sambar sauce and adding spices.
Other parts of the tree are used for medical purposes.
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